The term cardiovascular disease is used to describe several serious conditions that can increase a person’s risk of stroke, heart attack, and death. It is also one of the top causes of death in the U.S., which is why it is so important to understand the signs and symptoms if a person is at a higher risk.

With General Cardiology services, it is possible to have the problem or disease diagnosed and treated correctly. Learn more about common cardiology diseases, treatments, and why working with doctors is the best way to overcome these issues.

General Cardiology Services

Heart disease is considered a complex heart condition that requires the care and attention of a skilled doctor. In some cases, the diagnosis of heart or vascular heart disease begins with someone’s primary care doctor, who will then refer their patient to a cardiologist. A cardiologist will then run a series of tests to figure out a person’s condition and what treatments are needed. If surgery is needed, the patient may be sent to a cardiovascular surgeon.

Non-Invasive Testing Services 

When a doctor is trying to determine the cause of cardiovascular disease and stroke, they may use a non-invasive cardiology exam. These will serve to find causes of conditions like chest pain, masses in the chest, or aortic disease. Some of the non-invasive testing processes used for this include stress tests, Echo tests, chest X-rays, Holter monitoring, and EKG tests.

Valvular Heart Disease

If someone suffers from Valvular Heart Disease, it means one or more of the valves in the person’s heart is not working properly. A person’s heart has four valves that open and close to keep the blood flowing in the proper direction. If the valves are not working correctly, health issues may arise. The treatment that is needed for this will depend on the severity of the disease. Some of the symptoms related to this condition include irregular heartbeat, fainting, dizziness, swelling in the feet and ankles, shortness of breath, fatigue, and heart murmurs.

Coronary Artery Disease 

This condition occurs when the major blood vessels going to the heart are damaged. This can be caused by plaque buildup in the arteries that creates inflammation and narrowing in the blood vessels. Usually, if blood flow is reduced to the heart, it will result in chest pain and shortness of breath, along with other symptoms. In some extreme situations, the arteries may become blocked, which can cause a heart attack.

Since coronary heart disease is something that develops over years of decades, the symptoms may show up slowly over time. Therefore, it is important to know the symptoms of this condition. If symptoms are recognized, make sure to seek treatment from a doctor.

Peripheral Artery Disease

This disease, often called PAD, occurs when the arteries leading away from the heart to other body parts start to narrow. Unlike Coronary Artery Disease, this condition is usually characterized by pain, cramping, or tiredness in the lower extremities. People who have PAD will also be at an increased risk of Coronary artery disease, stroke, or a heart attack. However, there are still many people who will mistake the symptoms of PAD with an array of other conditions, which is why seeking the care of a doctor to accurately diagnose the problem is so important.

Advanced Cardiac Rehabilitation 

In some situations, individuals who suffer any type of cardiovascular condition will need Advanced Cardiac Rehabilitation to improve their health. This is something used after someone had a heart attack or suffers from pulmonary hypertension, has undergone heart surgery, or has had treatment for certain heart diseases.

Cardiac Rehabilitation usually includes things like lifestyle changes, low-impact exercises, and emotional support. This is provided to help prevent any further cardiovascular damage. It is also important to educate patients on how to follow a heart-healthy diet while eliminating risk factors such as drinking alcohol or smoking.

The cardiac rehabilitation programs are recommended for treating current heart disease while reducing the risk of stroke, heart attack, and death. Usually, this is used as part of a treatment for peripheral artery disease, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, and after lung or heart surgery.

The doctors will usually provide their patients with a preliminary evaluation to determine their physical health, any limitations they have, and any other conditions that may be present. The evaluation is used to help the rehab team develop a custom plan that is unique to each patient.

Understanding the Future of Heart Disease

According to information from a 2010 study released by the American Heart Association, cardiovascular disease is expected to increase by up to 10 percent in the next two decades. It may put millions of individuals at an increased risk for stroke, heart attack, or death. The good news is, though, cardiovascular disease can be prevented, and with the right treatment, education, and lifestyle changes, the risk for some can be reduced significantly.

Taking a proactive approach to this condition will help to ensure early treatment and reduce the risk of problems for millions of people across the country. The right doctor will work with their patients to ensure they get the care and treatment needed to ensure their long-term health and well-being.

Finding the Right Doctor Matters

When someone is dealing with any type of disease or condition that affects the heart or lungs, seeking the care of a specialist is essential. It is crucial to find the right doctor for treatments to ensure they can handle the process of diagnosing and treating a person’s underlying condition. Remember, if the underlying condition is not treated, and a doctor only treats a person’s symptoms, the likelihood of future problems is high.

Understanding the benefits of seeking early care and treatment may help to save a person’s life. This is why it is so important not to ignore the information, resources, and advice found here. In the long run, it will pay off and help a person lead a happier and healthier life while avoiding any serious heart-related problems. 

The experienced physicians at Carolina Cardiology Associates are committed to the health of every patient who walks through our doors. We understand the challenges of cardiovascular disease and will work with you to provide treatment, education, and a plan for the future to help you live your healthiest life.